Abubakar Tafawa Balewa

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Identity: Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was a Nigerian Politician. He was the first Prime Minister of Nigeria. He was played a leading role in national Policymaking. He was in power from 30 August 1957 to 15 January 1966. He was overthrown and murdered in a military coup on 15 January 1966.

Born: December 1912. Bauchi, Nigeria.

Death: 15 January 1966. Lagos, Nigeria.

Father’s Name: Yakubu Dan Zala.

Mother’s Name: Fatima.

Political Party: Northern People’s Congress.

First Life And Education: Abubakar was born in 1912 in Bauchi, Nigeria. His father’s name is Yakubu Dan Zala. His father has been a client to a district head. He started studying at a Koranic school in Bauchi. After that, he studied at Katsina College. In 1933, he was joined as a teacher in Bauchi Middle School. He was later promoted to headmaster of this school. He studied at the London University Institute of Education from 1945 to 1946. And from there he received a teacher’s certificate in history.

Political Career: He was interested in Politics during World War II. In 1946, he was elected to the Northern House of Assembly. He was elected to the Legislative Assembly in 1947. Ahmadu Belo and he formed a culture organization. Which was named Jam’iyar Mutanen Areva, Northern People’s Congress (NPC) in English. Which took the form of the next political party. Abubakar Balewa was elected Vice President of the new party.

In 1951, the first election of the North, Balewa won seats in the Northern House of Assembly and in the House of Representatives in Lagos. He became a Minister of the Central Council there. In 1952, he became Nigerian Minister of works. In 1954, he became Minister of transport and the senior minister. He became the leader of the NPC in the House of Representatives.

In 1957, he became the first Prime Minister of Nigeria. As Prime Minister, he had a reputation in the international arena. He was criticized for his racist policies in Africa.

Death: In January 1966, a section of the army attempted a coup. Balewa was abducted and killed, and his body was found six days later on a roadside near Lagos. His death still remains unresolved. News of his murder sparked violent riots across Northern Nigeria.


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