Al-Bakr: Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr was the politician of Iraq. Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr was the 4th President of Iraq. He was a member of the revolutionary Arab Socialist Ba’ath Party. Later Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr was a leading member of the Baghdad-based Ba’ath Party. He was the President of Iraq from 17 July 1968 to 16 July 1979. When he was the President of Iraq, that time Saddam Hussein was the Vice President of Iraq.
Born: 1 July 1914 AD. Tikrit, Ottoman Empire.
Death: 4 October 1982 AD. Baghdad, Iraq.
Political Life of Al-Bakr: In 1938, Al-Bakr joined the military academy of Iraq. Before joining the military academy, he spent six years as a teacher of the Primary School. He took part in Rashid Ali al-Golani’s failed coup against the British in 1944. He was imprisoned and expelled from the army. In 1956, Al-Bakr was restored in the Iraqi army. In 1956, he became a member of the Arab Socialist Ba’ath Party Iraqi branch. In 1957 he was promoted to Brigadier.
He helped bring Abdul Karim Qasim to power during the July 14 revolution. During the rule of Qasim, he played a key role in the Baghdad agreement to move away from Iraq and to improve relations with the Soviet Union. A year after the coup in 1959, Al Bakr became retired from the army. During this period, al-Bakr became a member of the Ba’ath Party. Al Bakr maintained relations with the Iraqi branch of Arabia’s Socialist Ba’ath Party. In 1959, Saddam Hussein was a member of the Ba’ath Party.
On December 24, 1962, protests against the Qasimi government across the country. In 1963, the coup was planned against the Qasimi government. Support for a part of the military is taken. And a military bureau was established. Al-Bakr was elected chairman of the military bureau. In 1963, led by al-Bakr was a coup in Iraq. It is known as Ramadan Revolution. The government of Qasim fell due to this revolution. After the coup, al-Bakr got the responsibility of Prime Minister and Vice President. Al Sadik was chosen as Deputy Prime Minister.
Al Bakr was expelled and his party was expelled when the political aides have disagreed. Al-Bakr was sent to prison. After the November coup. al-Bakr’s Party was strong. After the coup, al-Bakr was elected as the Iraqi branch’s Secretary-General of the Regional Command. In this time al-Bakr’s rise to power. During this time, Saddam Hussein became one of al-Bakr’s closest associates. Saddam was tasked with establishing the Party’s security apparatus. The Ba’ath Party tried failing to overthrow the Arif government in 1964. After the failed coup al-Bakr and Saddam Hussein were imprisoned for two years.
In 1966, Saddam was released from prison. Al-Bakr appointed Saddam as a regional commander. Saddam Hussein proved himself to be a skilled organization. This time the military bureau and regional commands are already planning a coup to overthrow the government. After the coup in Syria in 1966, the Arab Socialist Ba’ath party was divided into two parts. A Damascus-based Ba’ath Party and the other is Baghdad-based Ba’ath Party.
Al-Bakr was elected as a member of the ninth National Congress. On July 17, 1968, Iraq was couped. It is known as the revolution on July 17. After the coup of 1968, al-Bakr and the Arab Socialist Ba’ath Party came to power in Iraq. Saddam Hussein and Salah Omar al-Ali led this coup. Saddam Hussein took charge as Vice President.
Death: Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr died on 4 October 1982 of unreported causes. He was buried in Baghdad’s Al Karkh cemetery.