Abu Musa Muhammad: Abu Musa Muhammad who batter known as Al Amin. Al Amin was the 6th caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate. Al Amin was the son of Harun al-Rashid. After the death of his father Harun al-Rashid, al Amin took the power of the Abbasid Caliphate in 809. Al-Amin ruled as Caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate from 24 March 809 to 27 September 813.
Full Name: Abu Musa Muhammad al-Amin ibn Harun al-Rashid.
Born: April 787 AD. Baghdad, Abbasid Caliphate.
Death: 27 September 813 AD. Baghdad, Abbasid Caliphate.
Father’s Name: Harun al-Rashid.
Mother’s Name: Zubaydah.
Religion: Sunni Islam.
Predecessor: Harun al-Rashid.
First Life: Caliph al-Amin was born in April 787 in Baghdad. Al-Amin was the son of Caliph Harun al-Rashid and Zubaydah. Zubaydah’s descended from the Caliph al-Mansur. Al-Amin’s elder half-brother is Abdallah who known as al-Ma’mun. Al-Amin’s teacher was Al-Fadl Ibn Yahya.
Al-Amin’s Reign: In 811, al-Amin sent the army against Al-Ma’mun. Ali ibn Isa led this operation. Al-Ma’mun’s general Tahir ibn Hussein defeated Ali. General Ali died in this operation. During the al-Amin started a revulsion in Syria. Al-Amin sent the army led by General Abd al-Malik ibn Salih to restore order there. Started war and Abd al-Malik died in this war. In this situation, a rebellion against Al Amin was organized in Baghdad. This rebellion led by Ali ibn Isa’s son Hussein.
Hussein was killed to increase this rebellion. The army who sent al-Amin defeated General Tahir. Basra and Kufa al-Ma’mun accepted as Caliph. Dawud ibn Isa denied the leadership of Al-Amin. Al-Ma’mun promised Dawud that he would be the governor of Macca and Medina. In 812, general Tahir established the camp near Baghdad. General Tahir blocked the city of Baghdad. The situation became worse. Caliph al-Amin wanted to flee with a boat. But general Tahir captured him.
Death: Caliph al-Amin was kept in a house. Al-Amin was sentenced to death on 27 September 813. His entire reign was marked by a power struggle.