Al-Hadi: Al Hadi was the fourth Caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate. He was the son of Al Mahdi. Al-Mahdi was the 3rd Caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate. Al Hadi ruled for a short time. He was ruled from 24 July 785 AD to 14 September 786 AD. His reign ended with internal problems and power struggles with his mother.
Full Name: Abu Muhammad Musa ibn Mahdi al-Hadi.
Born: 26 April 764 AD. Rayy, Abbasid Caliphate.
Death: 14 September 786 AD. Baghdad, Abbasid Caliphate.
Father’s Name: Al-Mahdi.
Mother’s Name: Al-Khayzuran.
Predecessor: Al Mahdi.
Successor: Harun Al-Rashid.
Dynasty: Abbasid Dynasty.
Reign: Al Hadi was the eldest son of Al Mahdi. He was very open to the people of his empire. Allowed citizens to visit him in Baghdad’s Palaces. He maintained the Progress of the Caliphate. While some military operations were conducted during his rule. There was a rebellion in Medina. Because Husain ibn Ali ibn Hasan declared himself Caliph in Medina. Al Hadi suppressed the rebellion. Killing many of his followers including Husain ibn Ali ibn Hasan.
Husain’s brother Ibris bin Abdullah fled. He went to Morocco and started the Idrisi State. The Kharijites revolted during the rule of Al Hadi. Al Hadi Suppressed the Kharijite rebellion. In his time the Byzantine Empire invaded the Abbasids. Al Hadi resisted the Byzantine. The Byzantines were forced to retreat. The Abbasids were able to occupy some part.
Death: Al Hadi died on 14 September 786 AD. After the death of Al Hadi, his younger brother Harun Al-Rashid became the Caliph.