Identity: Al-Mahdi was the third caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate. He was the son of Caliph Abu Jafar Al-Mansur. In 775 AD, Al-Mahadi came to power on Abbasid Caliphate with the title of Al-Mahadi. His real name Muhammad. But known as Al-Mahadi. Al-Mahadi was the Caliph from 775 AD to 785 AD.
- Full Name: Muhammad ibn Mansur Al-Mahadi.
- Born: 744 AD.
- Death: 4 August 785 AD.
- Father: Abu Jafar Al-Mansur.
- Son: Musa Ibn Al-Mahdi. And Harun Ibn Al-Mahdi.
- Successor: Al-Hadi.
- Dynasty: Abbasid dynasty.
Al-Mahdi nominated by his father Abu Jafar Al-Mansur. When his father died, he came to power. His regime is the opposite of his father’s regime. He was a peace-loving man. He doesn’t like unnecessary bloodshed and hardness. He released the unjustly imprisoned people. He donated 3 crores dirhams among the people of Mecca and Madina for performing Hajj.
Rebellion in Khorasan: The revolt in Khorasan began during the time of Al-Mahdi. The revolt was led by Yusuf and his prime minister, Yaqub bin Dawood. Al-Mahdi captured them and sent them to Prison. As a result, the revolt in Khorasan was suppressed.
The advent of Mukanna: In his time a false prophet named Mukanna appeared. He always wore a mask. That is why he was called Mukanna. He claims to be a prophet. His followers wore white clothes. That is why they were called Mubaiya (Dressed in white). The Caliph took strict action against Mukanna.
War against the Greeks: In 778 AD, Greek troops enter the borders of the Abbasid Empire illegally. And caused widespread looting and chaos there. The Caliph sent his son Harun on an expedition with the army. The Greek army was defeated. And Empress Irene is committed to paying annual taxes.
Death: Al Mahdi ruled for 10 years. During his time the Abbasid Caliphate consolidated and prospered. Al-Mahdi died on 4 August 785 AD. Before his death, he nominated his two sons, Musa and Harun, as successors.