Gold: Gold is a yellow color metal. The chemical symbol for gold is Au. Gold’s Atomic number is 79. Its Atomic weight is 196.967. Gold melts at 1064.43 degrees centigrade. The specific gravity of gold is 19.3 and meaning gold weighs 19.3 times more than an equal volume of water. Gold became a part of every human culture. People have been familiar with this metal since ancient times. From ancient times known as a valuable metal. The Practice of creating different types of jewelry with gold is still in the world. Gold was first used as coinage in the late 8th century BCE in Asia Minor.
Gold Named: The chemical name of Gold is Aurum. Which originated from the Latin word Aurora, the meaning is Gold.
Humans First Discover Gold: Archaeologists can not pinpoint an exact moment in human history when gold was discovered. But traces have been found in ancient caves dating back to 40,000 BC. Gold proved to be a popular metal to ancient peoples due to the natural, malleable state in which it is found in nature.
Source Theory of Gold: According to Astronomers, gold particles are constantly falling in space like rain. All the gold of the world is also obtained from such ancient cosmic gold rain. The explosion that occurs when a collision of two neutron stars or the union of a neutron star with a black hole is called Kilanova. Gold and platinum, are constantly being created in space through this Kilanova.
History of Gold use: In 3000 BC, the Sumer civilization of southern Iraq uses gold to create a wide range of Jewelry. In 2500 BC, Gold jewelry is buried in the Tomb of Djer, King of the first Egyptian Dynasty, at Abydos, Egypt. In 1350 BC, the Babylonians begin to use fire assay to test the purity of gold. In 560 BC, the first coins made purely from gold are minted in Lydia, a Kingdom of Asia Minor. In 50 BC, Romans begin issuing a gold coin called the Aureus. From 600 AD to 699 AD, the Byzantine Empire resumes gold mining in central Europe and France. This area untouched since the fall of the Roman Empire.
In 1284 AD, Great Britain issues its first major gold coin, the Florin. In 1377 AD, Great Britain shifts to a monetary system based on gold and silver. In 1700 AD, Gold is discovered in Brazil, which becomes the largest producer of gold by 1720, with nearly two-thirds of the world’s output. In 1744 AD, the resurgence of gold mining in Russia begins with the discovery of a quartz outcrop in Ekaterinburg.
In 1792 AD, the First U.S. gold coin is struck by Ephraim Brasher, a goldsmith. In 1803 AD, Gold is discovered at Little Meadow Creek, North Carolina, sparking the first U.S. gold rush. In 1990 AD, United States becomes the world’s second-largest gold-producing nation. In 1992 AD, World Gold Council introduces the Gold Mark as an international identification mark for gold jewelry. In 2002 AD, The Gold Institute’s Board of Directors votes to dissolve the association and consolidate its activities within the National Mining Association, effective January 1, 2003. The decision was made against the backdrop of consolidation in the gold sector and changes in the general business climate.