Humayun: Humayun was the 2nd Emperor of the Mughal Empire. He was the son of Emperor Babur. Emperor Babur was the founder of the Mughal Empire. Humayun was the rule from 1530 AD to 1540 AD. And again from 1555 AD to 1556 AD. Humayun came to power for the second time with the help of the Persian Empire.
Full Name: Nasir Uddin Muhammad Humayun. Known as Humayun.
Born: 6 March 1508 AD. Kabul (currently Afghanistan).
Death: 26 January 1556 AD. Delhi, Mughal Empire (currently India).
Father’s Name: Emperor Babur.
Mother’s Name: Maham Begum.
Successor: Emperor Akbar.
Came to Power: After his father’s died, Humayun came to Power as ruler of the Mughal Empire on 26 December 1530. When he came to power, at the age of 22.
Reign: Mahmud Lodi, the governor of Bihar started a rebellion within six mouths of Humayun’s Power. Humayun attacked Bihar and defeated Mahmud Lodi. Emperor Humayun conducted an operation in Sher Khan’s Palace. Sher Khan accepted Humayun’s submission. Humayun came back to Agra. On some days, Sher Khan and Bahadur Shah increased their respective military power.
Bahadur Shah was the governor of Gujarat. Bahadur Shah provided refuge and help to Afghani rebels. For this, Emperor Humayun and Bahadur Shah arise in dispute. Humayun rebellious Amir wants back from Bahadur Shah. But Bahadur Shah did not agree to Humayun’s Proposal. As a result, both fighters are involved in a war. Bahadur Shah was defeated in the War and fleeing to Ahmadabad. Emperor Humayun returned to the Capital. Then Bahadur Shah recaptured Gujarat.
Humayun prayed to his brothers to help the soldiers. But he did not get the necessary help. Humayun’s soldiers were 40 thousand. Sher Khan’s soldiers were 15 thousand. But Sher Khan’s soldiers were skilled in war. In 1540 AD, two sides were facing Bilgram near the Kanauj. The war between both of them took place. Humayun was defeated in this war and fleeing to Agra. But Sher Khan quickly captured Delhi and Agra.
After that, Humayun went to Persia. In this war, the defeat of the Mughal Empire temporarily ended in India. And the Afghan Empire was established under the leadership of Sher Khan. After the long fifteen years, Humayun recovered Delhi in 1555. The Mughal Empire is re-established with the help of the Persian Empire.
Death: On 26 January 1556, Humayun fell down the stairs of the library and died. He was simple, straightforward, and forgiving. Historian Lenpool says his character attracts but does not influence.