Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani: Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani was a medieval Islamic scholar. He was a famous Islamic scholar in the Muslim world. He wrote many books on hadiths, history, biography, tafsir, and Jurisprudence. His Fath al-Bari is one of the most famous commentaries of Sahih Bukhari. His name is Ahmad and alias Abul Fasal.
Full Name: Ahmed Ibn Ali Ibn Muhammad Ibn Muhammad Ibn Ali Ibn Ahmad al-Kanani al-Asqalani al-Misori Ash-Shafi’i.
Born: 12 Sha’ban 773 AH /18 February 1372 AD. Cairo, Egypt.
Death: 28 Zu al-Hijjah 852 AH/ 22 February 1449 AD. Cario Egypt.
Father’s Name: Nuruddin Ali.
Wife: Uns Khatun.
First Life: Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani’s family was originally a resident of the Qabis area under Tunisia. Later, they were settled in Askalan in Palestine. He was called Asqalani because his family was a resident of Askalan. He was born in 1372 AD in Cairo, Egypt. His father Nuruddin Ali was a Jurist of Shafei Madhhab. Both of his parents died in childhood.
Education Life: Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani was admitted to school at the age of five. He memorized the Holy Quran near Sadoruddin As-Skkoti. Then he was only 9 years old. Ibn Hajar al-Askalani qualified for the primary scripts in a short time. Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani took education from many Islamic Scholars. He traveled to different countries for education. Ibn Hajar al-Askalani was influenced by Ibn al-Qayyim. List of his teachers:
- Sirajuddin Bulakini.
- Ibn al-Mulakquin.
- Zainuddin Iraqi.
- Burhanuddin Abnasi.
- Nuruddin Haychami.
- Saduruddin al-Abshiti.
- Ahmad bin Muhammad al-Khalili.
- Chaleh bin Khalil bin Salem.
- Muhammad bin Umar bin Musa. And many more.
Chief Justice: He repeatedly refused to perform the responsibility of the Judge. Finally, Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani was appointed as Chief Justice in 827 AH/1423 AD. For about 21 years he served this great duty.
List of His Books: Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani wrote 150 books about Hadith, biography, history, hadith terminology, and Shafi’i jurisprudence.
- Fath al-Bari. this book about commentaries of Sahih Bukhari.
- Al-Durar al-Kamina. this book about the biography of leading figures of the eighth century.
- Al-Isaba fi tamyiz al-Sahaba. this book about the dictionary of the Companions.
- Tahdhib al-Tahdhib.
- Ta’jil al-Manfa’ah. this book about the biography of the four Imams.
- Bulugh al-Maram min Adillat al-Ahkam. this book about, hadith used in Shafi’i Fiqh.
- Risala Tadhkirat al-Athar.
- Nukhbat al-Fikar. this book about hadith terminology.
- Silsilat al-Dhahab. and many more.
Death: Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani died on 28 Zu al-Hijjah 852 AH/ 22 February 1449 AD. Cario Egypt. An estimated 50,000 people attended his funeral in Cairo.