Relations between the two countries: In 1947, India and Pakistan were divided. Problems existed between India and Pakistan after partition. The Kashmir issue is one of them. The 1965 war centered on Kashmir. Although India and Pakistan are bordering countries, they hate each other. But the common people of the two countries want to build unity, not war.
The cause of war: On 5 August 1965, Pakistani troops crossed the Line of Control in disguise. They infiltrated different areas of Kashmir. The number of troops 26,000 to 33,000. This operation calls Operation Gibraltar.
Indian power use:
- Soldiers – 6,00,000.
- Tanks – 620.
- Artillery – 628.
- War Planes – 790.
Pakistani power use:
- Soldiers – 2,60,000.
- Tanks – 757.
- Artillery – 552.
- War Planes – 138.
Indian site casualties and damage:
- Soldiers death – 3000 to 4700.
- Soldiers injured – 6,735.
- Tanks Destroyed – 150 to 190.
- War Planes Destroyed – 60 to 75.
Pakistani site casualties and damage:
- Soldiers death – 3800.
- Soldiers injured – 4100.
- Tanks Destroyed – 200 to 300.
- War Planes Destroyed – 20.
War of 1965: Pakistani troops advanced in the Tithwal, Uri, and Punch Sectors. And Indian troops occupied the Haji Pir Giri route within 6 KM of Pakistan-controlled Kashmir. On September 1, 1965, Pakistani launched Operation Grand Slam. Location Akhnoor town in Kashmir. The Par pose was to cut off the communication system of the Indian Army. On the other hand, Operation Gibraltar was failed. On the night of September, Pakistan Started Shelling the Chamb area. Pakistan advanced with a large contingent of troops and tanks. Indian troops Suffered casualties. India deployed air force in response. The next day, the Pakistani air force attacked Indian airbases in Kashmir and Punjab. But Pakistan’s invasion of Punjab by India forced the transfer of Pakistani troops. Operation Grand Slam failed if Pakistan still failed to occupy. As India invaded the Southern interior of Pakistan, the tide of war turned. Pakistan occupied the Kargil Srinagar-Leh road. In September, India re-occupied the area. On 6 September, Indian troops crossed the Radcliffe Line on the western border. Barki crosses the village bridge east of Lahore. As a result, the Indian troops reached near the Lahore International Airport. Meanwhile, the Indian troops were defeated by the Pakistani Army in the Khemkaran area. Khemkaran is under the control of the Pakistani army. The United States has called for a ceasefire.
- UN-brokered ceasefire.
- Border unchanged.