Jawaharlal Nehru

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Jawaharlal Nehru: Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India. He has joined the Indian National Congress. And he also joined Indian Nationalist leader Mahatma Gandhi’s Independence movement. Known as Pandit Nehru. But now Indian children have known him better as Chacha Nehru. He was in power from 15 August 1947 to 27 May 1964.

Born: 14 November 1889 AD.

Death: 27 May 1964 AD.

Father’s Name: Pandit Motilal Nehru.

Mother’s Name: Swarup Rani Nehru.

Wife: Kamala Nehru.

Children: Indira Gandi.

Political Party: Indian National Congress.

First Life: Pandit Nehru was born on 14 November in Allahabad in British India. His father’s name was Pandit Motilal Nehru. His father famous Barrister and Politician in British India. Motilal Nehru belongs to the Kashmiri Pandit Community. His mother played role in India’s freedom movement. His father educated him by private teachers at home. He later went to England for his study.

He studied natural sciences at Trinity College, Cambridge University. After that, he started his study in Barristery at Cambridge. Whan he studying in England, Nehru was active in the politics of the Indian Student Parliament. Then he became attracted to socialism. When he returned to India, he married Kamala Kaul. The next year, his only daughter Indira Gandi was born. During the first world war, he established himself as a Jurist.

Political Career: In 1912, he was present at the Bankipur Congress as a delegate. In 1919, he was appointed editor of the Allahabad Home Rule League. His first meet with Mahatma Gandhi was in 1917. Gandhi’s ideology inspired him. In 1920, he organized the Kisan March in Pratapgarh district of Uttar Pradesh. He goes to prison multiple times during the non-cooperation movement of 1920-1922.

In September 1923, Nehru was appointed the General Secretary of the All India Congress Committee. In 1926, he went to Italy, Switzerland, England, Belgium, Germany, and Russia as a representative of the Indian National Congress. In October 1927, he also represented the country of the Socialist Revolution in Moscow. In 1928, he has given the lead protest rally against the Simon Commission. In that year he established the “Independence for India League”. The party started the movement demanding to break all the British relations with India. Jawaharlal was the General Secretary of the league.

In 1929, Nehru was elected president in the Lahore session of the Indian National Congress. In that session, the demand for full freedom for India. He has to imprisoned for different times from 1930-1935. On 14 February 1935, he finished writing his autobiography during the Almora jail. When he got released, he went to Switzerland to see his sick wife. In February 1936, he traveled to London. In July 1938, he traveled to Spain during the Civil War. During the break of World War II, he visited China.

On October 31, 1940, Nehru protested against forcing India to participate in World War II. He was imprisoned for this crime. He was released with other leaders in 1941. On 7 August 1942, Nehru raised the proposal of the Movement for leaving India in the Congress session of Bombay. The next day, he was arrested with other leaders and taken to Ahmednagar Durga. This was the prison for his last time. He had to prison nine times in his life.

Nehru’s daughter Indira Gandhi and her husband Feroze Gandhi were also arrested for several months. Rajiv Gandhi was born in 1944, he was the son of Indira Gandhi. Nehru was released from prison in 1945. And he began preparations for the 1946 elections.

Before the election, All India Muslim League leader Muhammad Ali Jinnah had been demanding a separate state of Pakistan for Muslims. Nehru supported the partition of India. And finally, India became Independent on 15 August 1947.  On August 15, 1947, Nehru became the first Prime Minister of India. Until May 26, 1983, he was the Prime Minister of India.

Death: Nehru fell ill and rested in Kashmir for some time. After returning from Kasmir in May 1964, Nehru suffered a heart attack. Finally, the great leader died in his office on 26 May 1964.


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