Sir Khawaja Nazimuddin: Khawaja Nazimuddin was a Bengali Politician. Khawaja Nazimuddin was the member of founding father of Pakistan.
He was a member of the All India Muslim League. Khawaja Nazimuddin was served as a 2nd Governor-General of Pakistan. He was the first Bengali leader to hold a senior position in Pakistan. Later, he also served as a 2nd Prime Minister of Pakistan.
Born: 19 July 1894 AD. Dhaka, Bengal Presidency, British India.
Death: 22 October 1964 AD. Dhaka, East Bengal, East Pakistan.
Father’s Name: Khawaja Nizamuddin.
Mother’s Name: Nawabzadi Bilqis Banu.
Wife Name: Shah Banu Ashraf.
First Life: Nazimuddin was born on 19 July 1894 in Dhaka, Bengal Presidency, British India. He was a member of the Nawab family of Dhaka. His paternal grandfather was Khwaja Fakhruddin. His family was residents of Kashmir but they had settled in Dhaka for a long time. His maternal grandfather was Nawab Bahadur Sir Khwaja Ahsanullah.
His Education Life: Nazimuddin was educated at the Dunstable Grammar School in England. When he has completed his Matriculation he was returned to India. After coming to India, Nazimuddin has admitted to the MAO college of the Aligarh Muslim University (AMU) in Uttar Pradesh. Nazimuddin has completed his graduation with a BA degree in Sociology from AMU. After completed his graduation, he was sent back to England to gain higher education.
Nazimuddin was admitted to Trinity Hall at Cambridge University. He was completed his MA degree in English from Cambridge University. After that, he was started his law study in England. He kept practice in law and he becomes a Barrister in England. In 1947-1949, Nazimuddin was granted the degree of Doctor of laws by the Vice-Chancellor of Dhaka University.
Political Career: After returning home, he became involved in Bengal politics. Nazimuddin was the Chairman of Dhaka Municipality from 1922 to 1929. Nazimuddin was appointed as Education Minister of Bengal until 1934. After that, Nazimuddin was appointed to Viceroy’s Council in 1934. He served as a Viceroy’s Council until 1937. After the formation of the coalition government between the Muslim League and the Krishak Praja Party, Nazimuddin was appointed as the Home Minister. He served as Home Minister until 1943. Nazimuddin became a close assistant of Muhammad Ali Jinnah who the President of the Muslim League. He was appointed as a member of the executive committee to promote the Muslim League Party.
In 1940-1941, Nazimuddin out away from the coalition government led by Fazlul Haq. Nazimuddin started the campaign against Fazlul Haq. He took the decision to become a leader of the opposition. On 29 April 1943, Nazimuddin became the Prime Minister of Bengal Province. His premiership lasted until 31 March 1945. When he lost his premiership, Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy became the Prime Minister of Bengal Province. From 1945 to 1947, Nazimuddin served as the Chairman of the Muslim League in Bengal. After the partition of India in 1947, Nazimuddin appointed as the first Chief Minister of East Bengal. During this time, he gained control of the Muslim League in the province.
Governor-General of Pakistan: On 14 August 1947, Governor-General Muhammad Ali Jinnah handed over the presidency of the Pakistan Muslim League to Nazimuddin. Muhammad Ali Jinnah became physically sick, on 1 November 1947 Nazimuddin was appointed as an acting Governor-General. After the death of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, he became the 2nd Governor-General of Pakistan on 14 September 1948. He served as Governor-General until 17 October 1951.
Prime Minister of Pakistan: After the murder of Liaquat Ali Khan in 1951, the Muslim League leaders asked Nizamuddin to take over the government and as well as the party’s president. As a result, Nizamuddin became the 2nd Prime Minister of Pakistan on 17 October 1951. He appointed Finance Minister Sir Malik Ghulam Muhammad as Governor-General of Pakistan. Nazimuddin served as prime minister until 17 April 1953. After his premiership, Mohammad Ali Bogra became the third Prime Minister of Pakistan.
Death: Khawaja Nazimuddin has died on 22 October 1964. He has died at his age of 70 years old. He was buried at the mausoleum of three leaders in Dhaka.