Liaquat Ali Khan: He was the famous Muslim Politician of the Indian subcontinent. Liaquat Ali Khan was the first Prime Minister of Pakistan. He was also a Pakistani Politician. He was one of the leading founding fathers of Pakistan. In Pakistan, he is known as the right-hand of Muhammad Ali Jinnah. He was in power as Prime Minister from 15 August 1947 to 16 October 1951.
Born: 1 October 1895 AD. Karnal, Punjab, British India.
Death: 16 October 1951 AD. Rawalpindi, Punjab, Pakistan.
Father’s Name: Nawab Rustam Ali Khan.
Mother’s Name: Mahmuda Begum.
Wife: Ra’ana Liaquat Ali Khan.
Political Party: All-India Muslim League, and the Muslim League.
Education Life: Liaquat Ali Khan was born in Karnal of British India on 1 October 1895 AD. Before he joining the school, he was learning the Quran and Hadiths from his mother. In 1918, he was educated at the University of Hong Kong in India. In 1918, he married Jahangir Begum, a family relative. This is the first marriage of Liaquat Ali Khan. After his father’s died, he went to the UK. He was completed his Master’s degree from Oxford University in 1921 AD.
Joining Politics: In 1923, Liaquat Ali Khan returned to India. He believed in Indian nationalism. But due to his biased treatment of Muslims, he lost his belief in Indian nationalism. In 1923, he has joined the All Indian Muslim League. In 1926, he was elected a member of the Provincial Legislature from Muzaffarnagar. In 1932, he was elected as the Deputy President of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly. In 1932, he got married for the second time. His second wife Begum Ra’ana was played an active role in the Pakistan movement. Liaquat Ali Khan and his wife went to London and met Muhammad Ali Jinnah. They Persuaded Jinnah to return to India and take the lead of the Muslims. In 1940, he was elected a member of the Central Legislative Assembly.
Pakistan Movement: Muhammad Ali Jinnah returned to India and took responsibility for the Party. In 1936, a conference of the All Indian Muslim League was held in Bombay. Muhammad Ali Jinnah has nominated Liaquat Ali Khan as the general secretary of the party. Liaquat Ali Khan held this post till 1947. He was made co-president of the parliamentary party of the Muslim League. Elections of 1945-46 Liaquat Ali was elected from Meerut. After the election, an interim government was formed. Liaquat Ali took charge of the Finance Ministry.
As Prime Minister: On 15 August 1947, India was divided. Liaquat Ali Khan was appointed as the Prime Minister of Pakistan. He was the first Prime Minister of Pakistani history. After his premiership, Khawaja Nazimuddin became 2nd Prime Minister of Pakistan. He outlined the constitution of Pakistan. On 12 March 1949, he presented it in parliament. During his time, India and Pakistan agreed to resolve the Kasmir issue. A referendum will be held in Kashmir under the auspices of the United Nations.
After Jinnah’s death, India-Pakistan faced a second war. Liaquat Ali then signed an agreement with the Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru. The Central Bank of Pakistan was established in 1949 and the printing press was set up in Karachi. In 1951, Douglas Gracie Chief of Army Staff of the Pakistan Army retired. He was British. Liaquat Ali Khan appointed General Ayub Khan as the commander-in-Chief of the Army. In 1951, a failed military coup took place in Pakistan. This was the first military coup in Pakistan. Involved were General Akbar Khan and 14 army officers.
Death: On 16 October 1951, a public meeting was held at the Municipality Park in Rawalpindi. Liaquat Ali Khan was present at this public meeting. One assassin fired two shots into his chest. Liaquat Ali Khan was killed. After his death, the Municipality Park was renamed Liaquat Bagh. About 56 years later, Benazir Bhutto was killed in the same place. Benazir Bhutto was the former Prime Minister of Pakistan.