Mohamed Morsi: Mohamed Morsi was an engineer who served as a politician of Egypt. He was a member of the Muslim Brotherhood. Mohamed Morsi was the 5th President of Egypt. He was served as president from 30 June 2012 to 3 July 2013. Mohamed Morsi led the Freedom and Justice Party from 2011 to 2012.
Born: 8 August 1951 AD. EI Adwah, Kingdom of Egypt.
Death: 17 June 2019 AD. Tora Prison, Cairo, Egypt.
Political Party: Freedom and Justice Party.
Other Political: The Muslim Brotherhood.
Education And Profession: Mohamed Morsi went to Cairo for his study at Cairo University in the late 1960s. In 1975, he was received a BSc in Engineering from Cairo University. Morsi has joined the Egyptian Army from 1975 to 1976 in the chemical warfare unit. In 1978, he earned an MS in metallurgical engineering. When Morsi completing his master’s degree, he earned a government scholarship to study in the United States. In 1982, Morsi received a Ph.D. degree in Materials Science from the University of Southern California.
When Morsi was living in the United States, at that time, he became an assistant professor at California state university, Northridge from 1982 to 1985. In 1985, Morsi quit his job and returned to Egypt. He was appointed as a Professor and Head of the Engineering Department at Zagazig University.
Political Career: Mohamed Morsi was first elected to parliament in 2000. Morsi served as a member of parliament from 2000 to 2005. Morsi was a member of the Muslim Brotherhood. So he was able to fight elections as an independent candidate. Because Brotherhood was banned from direct Egyptian Politics during Hosni Mubarak’s rule. In 2011, Mohamed Morsi has established the Freedom and Justice Party. Morsi took charge as head of the Freedom and Justice Party. It became the largest Party in the 2011-12 Parliamentary election.
2012 Egyptian Presidential Election: Khairat El-Shater was the deputy leader and Political chief of the Muslim Brotherhood. He was the main presidential candidate. An Egyptian court declared Khairal El-Shater with multiple candidates were ineligible for election. After that Mohamed Morsi was selected as a Presidential Candidate. On the 23 May 2012 election, Mohamed Morsi received 25.5% of the Vote. After the first round, Mohamed Morsi and Ahmed Shafik were nominated for the final vote in the second round.
Morsi called on people in Egypt to take a stand against Ahmed Shafik before started a second-round election. Morsi’s political party promotes Ahmed Shafik as a defender of ousted Mubarak. On 24 June 2012, Morsi was the winner of the second-round election with 51.73% of the Vote. As a result, Mohamed Morsi became the 5th President of Egypt. After that, he resigned from the presidency of the Freedom and Justice Party.
Death: Mohamed Morsi died of a heart attack in an Egyptian court on 16 June 2019.