Who is Mohamed Naguib: Mohamed Naguib was the first President of Egypt. Mohamed Naguib with Gamal Abdel Nasser was the leader of the Egyptian Revolution of 1952. They are both the principal leaders of that revolution. In this revolution, the fell of the monarchy of Egypt and Sudan. As a result, the establishment of the Republic of Egypt, and the independence of Sudan. Mohamed Naguib plays the duty as President of Egypt from 18 June 1950 to 14 November 1954.
Born: 19 February 1901 AD. Khartoum, Anglo-Egyptian Sudan.
Death: 28 August 1984 AD. Cairo, Egypt.
Father’s Name: Youssef Naguib.
Mother’s Name: Zohra Ahmed Othman.
Wife Name: Aisha Labib.
Awards: Order of the Nile, and Order of the Republic.
Education Life: Mohamed Naguib was admitted to secondary and military school at Gordon Memorial College in Khartoum. In 1918, Mohamed Naguib complete his graduation from this college. In 1923, he joined the Egyptian Royal Guard. In 1927, Mohamed Naguib became the first Egyptian military officer to gain a law license. In 1929, he took a postgraduate degree in Political Economy. In 1931, Naguib earned another postgraduate degree in Civil law.
The Military Life of Mohamed Naguib: In 1931 the month of December, Mohamed Naguib was promoted to the rank of Captain. In 1937, Naguib founded a newspaper for the Egyptian Armed Forces in Khartoum. On 6 May 1938, Naguib gains the rank of Major. Naguib given the proposal of his resignation as protest the Abdeen Palace incident of 1942. But Abdeen Palace officials thanked him for his proposal and they are not accepted his resignation.
He was achieving the post of Regional Governor of the Sinai Peninsula in 1944. In 1948, Mohamed Naguib was promoted to Brigadier General. During the 1948 Arab-Israeli war, Naguib was injured seven times. For this, he was awarded the first military star of Fuad as well as the title of Bey. Naguib was awarded as the director of the Military Academy in Cairo.
Free Officers Movement: When Naguib come to the military Academy in Cairo then Naguib was first introduced to the free officers’ movement. The free officers were a group of the nationalist army. They are opposed to the presence of the British military in Egypt and Sudan. They are against the attended political role of the United Kingdom in Egyptian affairs. The Free Officers Movement had been mainly led by Gamal Abdel Nasser. Nasser realizes that the movement needed an experienced officer from a military background. The nationally famous and respected person Naguib was the first choice. Naguib was invited to take leadership of the movement.
Revolution of 1952: On 23 July 1952, the Free Officers launched the Egyptian Revolution of 1952 with a coup to depose King Farouk. Mohamed Naguib was appointed as Commander in chief of the Army. The Free Officers chose to govern via former Prime Minister Ali Maher Pasha who was famous for his opposition to the United Kingdom. The next day, Naguib met with British diplomat John Hamilton. During this meeting, Hamilton talks with Naguib that the British government supported the abdication of King Farouk. The British government considers this coup as the internal subject of the Egyptians. And the British government only interference if realize that British lives and property in Egypt were in danger.
On 26 July 1952, Maher entered the Ras El Tin Palace and was given an ultimatum from Naguib to Farouk: “he was to abdicate his throne, and leave Egypt by 6 pm the following day”. King Farouk agreed to the terms. The following day in the presence of Maher and Jefferson Caffery who the United States Ambassador, Farouk left Egypt.
In September, Mohamed Naguib was appointed Prime Minister of Egypt. And Naguib is also a member of the Royal Regent Council. Gamal Abdel Nasser was appointed Minister of Interior. Farouk’s infant son succeeded him as Fuad II. Fuad would be the last King of Egypt. This is done to deny the intervention opposed only to the corrupt King of Egypt. They are not against the monarchy. The Free Officers improve their political power, they are taken important plans for abolishing the monarchy. the 11 months after the revolution, on 18 June 1953, the revolutionaries retired from the title of King Fuad. They are declared the end of the Kingdom of Egypt and the establishment of the Republic of Egypt.
Presidency: After the declaration of the Republic, Mohamed Naguib swore as the first President of Egypt. In the least 1953, Nasser charges Naguib with supporting Ban Muslim Brotherhood. Nasser gains control of the military and of Egypt. Nasser was forced to Naguib resign from the presidency of Egypt in November 1954. Then Nasser placed Naguib under informal House Arrest. Mohamed Naguib was released from his house arrest in 1972 by president Anwar Sadat.
Death: On 28 August 1984, Mohamed Naguib died in Cairo, Egypt. The reason for his died from liver cirrhosis.