Sultan Murad II: Sultan Murad II was the 6th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. He was the son of Sultan Mehmed I. Sultan Mehmed I was the former Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. Sultan Murad II ruled from 1421 to 1444 and from 1448 to 1451. Between the two years, his son Sultan Muhammad II was on the throne.
Born: 16 June 1404 AD. Amasya, Ottoman Empire.
Death: 3 February 1451 AD. Edirne, Ottoman Empire.
Father’s Name: Sultan Mehmed I.
Mother’s Name: Emine Khatun.
Dynasty: Ottoman Dynasty.
Predecessor: Sultan Mehmed I.
Successor: Sultan Mehmed II.
First Life: Sultan Murad II was born on 16 June 1404 AD in Amasya. Murad spent his childhood in Amasya. In 1410, he came to the capital Edirne. After his father became Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, he appointed Governor of Amasya. He held this post until the death of his father.
Came to Power: Sultan Mehmed I died on 26 May 1421. After his father’s died, Sultan Murad came to power of the Ottoman Empire. This is his first time in power. In 1444, Murad handed over power to his son Muhammad II. But a revolt by the Yanisaris forced him to regain power. In 1446, Sultan Murad came to power for the second time.
The reign of Sultan Murad: Mustafa Celebi agreement with Byzantine Emperor Manuel II. Mustafa Celebi will transfer some important cities to Manuel II if the sultan of the Ottoman Empire. In exchange, the Byzantine Emperor will help Mustafa Celebi. Mustafa entered the European part of the Ottoman Empire and moved fast. Many Turkish soldiers joined Mustafa. Sultan Murad sent Bayazid Pasha as the general. Bayazid Pasha was defeated and killed near Mustafa. Mustafa declared himself Sultan of Adrianople (modern Edirne).
Then Mustafa moved to Asia with a large army. But Sultan Murad defeated him. Mustafa in Gallipoli took refuge. Sultan Murad imposed a blockade here. Mustafa was captured and executed.
In 1421, Sultan Murad blockade Constantinople, the capital of the Byzantine Empire. During the siege, Sultan Murad’s younger brother Kuchuk Mustafa declared revolted against Sultan Murad, with the help of some independent Turkish Anatolian States and the Byzantines. Bursa was occupied during the rebellion. Sultan Murad lifted the siege of Constantinople. He captured Mustafa and sentenced him to death. The Kingdoms of Anatolia, Aidini, Germyani, Menashe, and Teke were brought under Ottoman rule.
Then Sultan Murad declared war against Venice, The Karamani Emirate, Serbia, and Hungary. In 1428, Karamanis was defeated by Sultan Murad. In 1430, Sultan Murad occupied a large area of the Balkans. Sultan Murad making Serbia part of the Ottoman Empire in 1439. In 1444, Sultan Murad won the Battle of Verna. In 1448, Sultan Murad defeated the Christian Allies in the Second Battle of Kosovo. In 1450, Sultan Murad led an expedition to Albania. But he did not succeed.
Death: In the winter of 1450-1451, Sultan Murad fell ill. On 3 February 1451, Sultan Murad died in Edirne. After his death, his son Muhammad II became the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire.