Saddam Hussein: He was the former president of Iraq. First, Saddam Hussein was the vice president under General Ahmed Hassan Al-Bakr. Saddam Hussein has established a one-party rule. He was a Sunni Muslim. During his rule, he gets involved in the Iraq and Iran war. He is a controversial leader in the world. Time of his rule 16 July 1979 to 9 April 2003 AD.
Full Name: Saddam Hussein Abd Al-Majid Al-Tikriti.
Bron: 28 April 1937 AD. Al-Awza, Iraq.
Death: 30 December 2006 AD. Kadhimiya, Iraq.
Father Name: Abd Al-Majid.
Mother Name: Subha Tulfa Al-Mussalat.
Wife: Sajida Talfa and Samira Shahbandar.
Children: Ubay, Kusay, Raghad, Rana, and Hala Hasan.
First Life: In 1937 AD, Saddam Hussein was born in the town of Al-Awza, located 13 km from the city of Tikrit. Saddam was born six months before his father’s died. After some days later, his 13 years old brother died of cancer. His mother again married. He has three stepbrothers. He moved to Baghdad with his uncle. He was raised by his uncle. He attended a nationalist high school in Baghdad.
In 1957, he joined the revolutionary Pan-Arab Bath Party. At that time his age only 20 years old. His uncle has supported him. On 7 October 1959, Saddam and other members of the Ba’ath party attempted to assassinate Abd al-Karim Qasim. At that time Abd al-Kasim was the president of Iraq. During the attempted murder, Qasim was shot several times but survived. Saddam was shot in the leg. Many murderers were captured and tried and executed. Saddam and other his partners fled to Syria. After that Saddam fled to Egypt.
Saddam’s Political Life: In 1963, Qasim’s government was overthrown in the Ramadan Revolution. After that Saddam returned to Iraq. The next year Saddam was arrested. The reason for the arrest of in-fighting in the Ba’ath Party. During in prison, he remained involved in politics. In 1966, he was appointed deputy secretary of the Regional Command. He was then able to escape from prison. In the years that followed, his political power continued to grow.
In 1968, Saddam participate in a Ba’athist coup. As a result, Ahamed Hassan al-Bakr becoming Iraq’s President and Saddam his deputy. During al-Bakr’s rule, Saddam proved himself as an effective politician. He was taking many steps to develop for country revenues. He was starting to modernize Iraq’s infrastructure, health-care systems, industry, and farming. He also nationalized Iraq’s oil industry.
Saddam was involved in Iraq’s first chemical weapons program. Saddam formed a Ba’athist semi-military and the people’s Army to protect from the coup. He has created powerful security systems. In 1979, when al-Bakr attempted to unite Iraq and Syria, Saddam forced al-Bakr to resign. On July 16, 1979, Saddam became president of Iraq.
When Saddam comes to power, he has called an assembly of the Ba’ath party. During this meeting, 68 person name was read and these peoples were arrested. They were charged with treason. 22 were sentenced to death. This year, many of Saddam’s political enemies had been executed.
Iraq and Iran War: Ayatollah Khomeini led a successful Islamic revolution in northeast Iran. Saddam feared that Iran’s development was a threat to Iraq. Attempts to the murder of Foreign Minister Tariq Aziz in Southern Iraq. Saddam Hussein mentioned Iranian agents were responsible for this attack. On September 22, 1980, Saddam ordered Iraqi forces to invade Khuzestan in Iran. This war clearly violated international law. A ceasefire agreement was signed on August 20, 1988.
Kuwait Attack: The Iraq and Iran war caused huge economic losses to Iraq. To end the recession, Saddam invaded Kuwait. On August 2, 1990, Saddam ordered the invasion of Kuwait. The UN Security Council passed a resolution. Economic sanctions were imposed on Iraq. A deadline was set for the Iraqi army to leave Kuwait. After the January 15, 1991 deadline end, a coalition of U.S. and UN forces entered Kuwait. Six weeks later, Iraqi forces withdrew from Kuwait. A ceasefire agreement was signed. One of the conditions was that Iraq suspends its chemical weapons program.
The defeat of Saddam: After the Gulf war, Iraq became economically weaker. Shi-ite and the Kurds revolted. No one was able to support the Kurdish liberation rebels. The uprising was suppressed by Saddam’s security forces. In 1993, when Iraqi forces violated a No-Fly zone imposed by the United Nations, the U.S. launched a missile attack on Baghdad.
The Bush administration suspected al Qaeda of having links to Saddam’s government. There was a secret weapons program in Iraq. On 20 March 2003, the U.S-led coalition invaded Iraq. After some weeks later, the government and the military collapsed. On 9 April 2003 Baghdad fell.
End Life: On 13 December 2003, Saddam was found hiding in an underground bunker near a farmhouse in Ad-Dawr. Then he was moved to a U.S. base in Baghdad. Saddam was handed over to the interim Iraqi government. In the trial of the crimes humanity against Saddam, the Iraqi government started the trial. On 5 November 2006, Saddam was found guilty and sentenced to death by hanging. Saddam’s execution took place on December 30, 2006 AD.