Sher Bahadur Deuba is a Nepali Politician. Sher Bahadur Deuba is serving as the current Prime Minister of Nepal. In past, Sher Bahadur Deuba served four terms as Prime Minister of Nepal. At present time, Deuba is the President of the Nepali Congress. He was elected as president of the Nepali Congress with more than 60% votes in the 13th conference of the party in 2016.
Education Life: Sher Bahadur Deuba was born on 13 June 1946 in Ashigram in Dadeldhura District of far-western Nepal. Deuba took his primary education from the Ashigram Primary School. He receives secondary education from Sitaram Higher Secondary School in Doli. Deuba completes his Higher education at Tri-Chandra College. In 1989, Deuba took registered at the London School of Economics. When the 1990 revolution starts that time Deoba was in London and where he campaigned for the revolution. He left the school in 1990.
Political Career: Deuba starts his political career as a student politician. He founded the Nepal Student Union with other students as a student wing of the Nepali Congress. He served as President of the Student wing from 1971 to 1980. During the 1960s and 1970s, Deuba was imprisoned for 9 years for working against the Panchayat system. During the 1990 revolution, Deuba was played an active role as a campaigner for the revolution which dissolved the Panchayat system and the beginning of multiparty democracy. In the next year’s general elections, Deuba was elected to the House of Representatives from Dadeldhura 1.
Deuba served as the Minister of Home Affairs in Girija Prasad Koirala’s cabinet. When the Koirala government was defeated in the 1994 mid-term elections, Deuba was elected parliamentary party leader of the Nepali Congress. In 1995, Manmohan Adhikari tried to dissolve the Parliament which was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court. In 1995, Sher Bahadur Deuba was appointed Prime Minister and he led a coalition government with the Rashtriya Prajatantra party.
Prime Minister For The Second Time: After the resignation of Girija Prasad Koirala as Prime Minister, Deuba become the Parliamentary Party leader of the Nepali Congress. Sher Bahadur Deuba was appointed Prime Minister for a second time on 26 July 2001. During his rule, he announced a ceasefire with the communist Party of Nepali (Maoist). In August 2001, Deuba starts talks with the Maoists. On the other hand, the Maoists attacked the army in November 2001. In this situation, Deuba declared a state of emergency. In 2002, Deuba requested a dissolution of the parliament to hold new elections. In the same year, he founded the Nepali Congress (Democratic). In October 2002, King Gyanendra dismissed him and his cabinet. A new government was established under the leadership of Lokendra Bahadur Chand.
Prime Minister For the Third Time: In the month of June 2004, King Gyanendra re-appointed Sher Bahadur Deuba as Prime Minister. In the 2005 Nepal Coup, Deuba and his Cabinet Members were under house arrest. In July 2005, Deuba was sentenced to two years in prison under corruption charges. But he was released on 13 February 2006.
Prime Minister For the Fourth Time: After the death of Sushil Koirala, Deuba was elected President of the Nepali Congress in 2016. In August 2016, Deuba and the Napali Congress signature a contract with Pushpa Kamal Dahal to lead a rotational government. Deuba was sworn in as Prime Minister for a fourth tram on 7 June 2017. On 17 October 2017, CPN (Maoist Centre) all Ministers left the cabinet after they formed an electoral alliance with the CPN (UML). And Those Ministers did not support the Deuba government.
Prime Minister For the Fifth Time: On 21 May 2021, Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli failed to collect a Vote of Confidence in the House of Representatives. On the other hand, the opposition alliance asked the Nepali President to appoint Deuba as Prime Minister, per Article 76 (5) of the constitution of Nepal. The President denied this proposal. The President dissolved the lower house for the second time. The president called for fresh elections later in November.
On 12 July 2021, the Supreme Court dissolve Prime Minister Oli was unlawful and Supreme Court ordered President Bidya Devi Bhandari to the appointment of Deuba as Prime Minister within 28 Hours.
As a result, President Bhandari appointed Deuba as the Prime Minister in accordance with Article 76 (5) of the constitution of Nepal. On 13 July 2021, Sher Bahadur Deuba became Prime Minister of Nepal for the fifth time.