Sirimavo Bandaranaike

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Sirimavo Bandaranaike: She was the famous Politician of Sri Lanka. When she became Prime Minister of Sri Lanka in 1960. Sirimavo was the first female Prime Minister in the World. She was born in a respectable family in Sri Lanka. She was serving as Prime Minister three times. She has long led the Sri Lanka Freedom Party.

Born: 17 April 1916. Ratnapura, British Ceylon.

Death: 10 October 2000. Kadawatha, Sri Lanka.

Father’s Name: Barnes Ratwatte.

Mother’s Name: Rosalind Hilda Mahawalatenne Kumarihamy.

Husband: Solomon Bandaranaike.

Children: Sunethra, Chandrika, and Anura.

Political Party: Sri Lanka Freedom Party.

Bandaranaike was born on 17 April 1916 at the Ratnapura in British Ceylon. Her father’s name is Barnes Ratwatte, he was a Politician. Her father served as Rate Mahatmaya, a native headman of Balangoda. Her father was a member of the Radala.

Education And Social Work: She has first attended a private kindergarten in Balangoda. In 1923, she studied at a high school in Ferguson High School. And was then sent to boarding school at St Bridget’s Convent, Colombo. She completed her studies at the age of 19. When she completed her studies, she joined social work in her country. Distributing food, medicine, and organizing clinics to jungle villages. She was Helping create rural industries to improve the living standards of village women. She was involved in social work until 1940. On 2 October 1940, Solomon Bandaranaike married Sirimavo. Their marriage was a family affair.

Political Career: Her husband Solomon was a founding member of the United National Party (UNP). The party founded inĀ  1946. In 1947, he was elected a member of the House of Representatives. In 1951, he has founded the Sri Lanka Freedom Party (SLFP). 1956 general election, the SLFP won a majority of seats in the House of Representatives. Solomon became Prime Minister. But his government collapsed as socialist and nationalist political trends changed. He was assassinated on 26 September 1959.

after Solomon’s death, the SLFP was defeated in the March 1960 elections. Then Sirimavo took as leader of the SLFP party. In 1960, Sirimavo became a member of the Senate. In July 1960 elections, the SLFP victory under her leadership. On 21 July 1960, Sirimavo was sworn in as Prime Minister by the Senate. As a result, she became the first women Prime Minister in the World.


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