Thomas Edison: Thomas Edison is a famous American invertor. He had a world record 1,093 patents. These patens were achievement singly or jointly. He was very talented in his childhood. He was self-educated. He creates the world’s first industrial research laboratory.
Full Name: Thomas Alva Edison.
Born: 11 February 1847. In Milan, Ohio, U.S
Death: 18 October 1931. West Orange, New Jersey.
Father: Samuel Ogden Edison.
Mother: Nancy Matthews Elliott.
Wife: Mary Stilaoyela And Mina Edison.
- Meriona Esatela Edison.
- Thomas Edison Jr.
- William Lesli Edison.
- Medilina Edison.
- Charles Addison.
- Theodore Miller Edison.
Occupation: Inventor and Businessman.
School Life: Thomas Edison was admitted to the school at the age of seven. From his childhood, he was an impossibly talented man. But he did not like school textbooks. So there were students behind everyone in the class. Sitting in class, looking out the window at the open nature outside. The teachers complained that the boy had no interest in his studies. Edison’s mother would have been upset to hear the teachers. Edison’s mother believed that one day her son would be famous. Edison was brought out of school. Edison’s three months of school life came to an end. He never went to school again. Edison began his studies with his mother.
First Laboratory: Young Edison, set up a small laboratory in a room on the ground floor of his house for testing. The equipment consisted of broken boxes, some vial bottles, some iron wires, and pieces of equipment. Within a few days, he realized that he needed more equipment and other things. Dad’s financial situation worsened. It is not possible to buy equipment without money. So Edison decided to work and raise money. The thirteen years old boy will work, the parents did not agree. But Edison persisted, and his parents agreed.
Business: He took the job of selling newspapers. To be sold to train passengers. Commission on sales. To make more money, he kept chocolates and nuts with the newspaper. Within a few months, he collected some money. Edison received news that a small printing press was being sold at a lower price. He bought the printing press. And brought out a newspaper himself. Gathering news, editing, printing, selling, he did all the work alone. Within a few days, his paper sales increased. In one year his profit was one hundred dollars. He was then fifteen years old.
Vote Recorder: His first patent of Vote Recorder on October 13, 1868. When he was just 21. Two columns of metal type headed “Yes” and “No”. The recording clerk then placed a sheet of chemically prepared paper over the columns of type and moved a metallic roller over the paper and type. Edison was issued the U.S. patent 90,646 on 1 June 1869.
Phonograph: The first week of December 1877, Edison developed a method for recording sound, the Phonograph. One for recording sound and another for playback. The first phonograph had separate recording and playback mechanisms, but later designs combined them into a single unit.
Automatic Telegraphs: Edison worked on automatic telegraphs between 1870 to 1874. He first developed an Improved perforator with a keyboard similar to that of a typewriter that operated. It was capable of recording up to 1,000 words a minute. Which made it possible to send long messages quickly.
Motion Picture: In 1891, Thomas Edison and Willian Dickson invented the kinetoscope forerunner of the motion picture film projector of the United States. In 1894, the kinetoscope was finally publicly exhibited on Broadway in New York City.
Electric Lamp: Whan Edison began working on electric lighting in September 1878. Carbon filament is made after a long effort. After the filament was made, he was taken to a glass factory. The filament was inserted inside the glass bulb. The glass mouth was closed and then the current was given. At the moment the electric light came on. The first electric lamp was lit for about forty hours. The day was October 21, 1879.
Awards: In 1887, Edison won the Matteucci Medal. In 1890, he was elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. In 1899, Edison was awarded the Edward Longstreth Medal of the Franklin Institute. In 1908, Edison received the American Association of Engineering Societies John Fritz Medal. In 1915, Edison was awarded, Franklin Medal of the Franklin Institute. In 1920, the United States Navy department awarded him the Navy Distinguished Service Medal. In 1923, the American Institute of Electrical Engineers created the Edison Medal and he was its first recipient. In 1927, he was granted membership in the National Academy of Sciences. On May 29, 1928, Edison received the Congressional Gold Medal.
In 1983, the United States Congress, pursuant to Senate Joint Resolution 140 (public Law 97-198), designated February 11, Edison’s birthday, as National Inventor’s Day. In 2008, Edison was inducted in the New Jersey Hall of Fame. In 2010, Edison was honored with a Technical Grammy Award.