Thomas Jefferson was an American Politician. He was a founding father of America. Thomas Jefferson was the 3rd President of the United States from 4 March 1801 to 4 March 1809. And he was the second Vice President of the United States under John Adams from 1797 to 1801. Thomas Jefferson took many important decisions during the American Revolution. He was a very important person in American politics at that time.
Born: 13 April 1743 AD. Shadwell, Virginia, British America.
Death: 4 July 1826 AD. Virginia, United States.
Father’s Name: Peter Jefferson.
Mother’s Name: Jane Randolph.
Political Party: Democratic-Republican Party.
Preceded by: John Adams.
Succeeded by: James Madison.
Thomas Jefferson was born on 13 April 1743 in Shadwell in the Colony of Virginia. His father Peter Jefferson was a successful Planter and Surveyor. His mother Jane Randolph was a member of one of Virginia’s most distinguished families. In 1745, Peter Jefferson moved with his family to Tuckahoe Plantation. In 1752, Peter Jefferson returned to Shadwell. Where Peter died in 1757. At that time Thomas age was only 14 years old.
Education Life: Thomas Jefferson started his education with tutors at Tuckahoe. At the age of five, Peter Jefferson entered Thomas into an English School. Thomas’s father Peter did not have a formal education. So Peter admitted his son Thomas to the school for took formal education. In 1752, Thomas attended a local school. At this time he started Latin, Greek, French and also learning to ride horses. Thomas read books from his family library. From 1758 to 1760, he studied history, and Science with Maury’s family. During the two years, Jefferson was with the Maury family.
Jefferson admitted to the college of William & Mary at the age of 16. At this college, he has studied Mathematics, Metaphysics, and Philosophy under Professor William Small. He studies for 15 hours a day. Thomas tries to improve his educational skill. In 1764, he has completed his graduation. Thomas start read the law under Wythe’s tutelage for his law license. He also read English classics and political works. In 1767, Thomas Jefferson was admitted to the Virginia Bar. During practicing law, he represented Albemarle County as a delegate in the Virginia House of Burgesses from 1769 to 1775. In 1774, the British parliament passed the Intolerable Acts. Thomas Jefferson has given a proposal calling for a “Day of Fasting and Prayer” in protest. And as well as a boycott of all British goods.
Political Career of Thomas Jefferson:
Declaration of Independence of the United States: Thomas Jefferson was the primary author of the Declaration of independence of the United States. In 1775, he was of the youngest delegates to the Second Continental Congress. John Adams who the leader of the Congress Thomas Jefferson became a close friend of John Adams. John Adams supported Thomas’s appointment with the Committee that formed to draft a declaration of independence. John Adams persuaded the Committee to choose Thomas Jefferson to write the document.
Virginia House of Delegates and Governor: At the start of the revolution, Thomas Jefferson was a Colonel. On 26 September 1775, he was named commander of the Albemarle County Militia. In September 1776, Thomas Jefferson elected to the Virginia House of Delegates for Albemarle County. In 1778, Thomas Jefferson started revising the states’ laws. In the three years, he drafted 126 bills to build a strong judicial system. Thomas Jefferson was elected Governor for one-year terms in 1779 and 1780, He has transferred the state capital from Williamsburg to Richmond. During General Benedict Arnold’s invasion of Virginia in 1781, Thomas Jefferson left Richmond. The city was destroyed by Arnold’s men. Thomas Jefferson sent emergency news to Colonel Sampson Mathews.
Member of Congress: In 1783, The United States formed a Congress of the Confederation after signed a peace contract with Geat Britain. Thomas Jefferson was appointed as a Virginia delegate. He was a member of the committee setting foreign exchange rates. Thomas Jefferson recommended an American currency based on the decimal system, and this proposal was accepted. Thomas Jefferson served as Chairman of the Committee to establish a government for the new Republic from 1783-84 session in the Congresses.
Minister of France And Secretary of State: In August 1784, Thomas Jefferson came to Paris with his young daughter Patsy and two servants. Within a year he got the responsibility as a Minister of France when he comes to Paris. At that time, French foreign minister Count de Vergennes commented that “You replace Monsieur Franklin, I hear.” Thomas Jefferson replied that “I Succeed. No man can replace him”. During his ministry in Paris, he played a leading role to improve the foreign policy of the United States. After returning from France, Thomas Jefferson was invited by George Washington to serve as “Secretary of State”. He has accepted that proposal.
The 1796 Presidential Election of the United States: 1796 Election was the 3rd presidential election of the United States. In this election, John Adams got 71 electoral votes and 35,726 popular votes. On the other hand, Thomas Jefferson got 68 electoral votes and 31,115 popular votes. As a result, John Adams elected as the 2nd President of the United States. And Thomas Jefferson was elected as Vice President of the United States.
1800 Presidential Election of the United States: 1800 election was the 4th Presidential election of the United States. It was held from October 3 to December 3, 1800. In this election, Democratic-Republican candidate Thomas Jefferson fight against Federalist Party candidate John Adams. Thomas Jefferson got 73 Electoral College votes and 41,330 popular votes. John Adams got 65 electoral votes and 25,952 popular votes. As a result, Thomas Jefferson became the 3rd President of the United States of America. Thomas Jefferson was served as President of the United States from 4 March 1801 to 4 March 1809.
When Thomas Jefferson Died: After retired from his presidency, he has founded the University of Virginia. Thomas Jefferson died on 4 July 1826. He died of unknown causes. Thomas Jefferson died several hours before John Adams’s death.